Topkapı royal residence is a focal place situated in all the Ottoman sultans’ chance until the rule of Abdulmecid I (1839-1860), a time of about four centuries. It is the biggest and most established castle on the planet to get by to our day. After the triumph of the city in 1453, the youthful Sultan Mehmet moved the capital of the realm to Istanbul .He was settled amidst the town and manufactured Topkapı Palace which is outstanding as a customary case of Turkish Palace structure. When it was utilized as a castle, it served a greater number of capacities than one ,by and large connects with regal house. In spite of the fact that it was the place of the Sultan, the main leader of the realm, it was in the meantime the focal point of the authoritative undertakings, where the committee of priests met, and the treasury, mint, and state chronicles were situated there .It is arranged on the acropolis, the site of the primary settlement in Istanbul, it demonstrates a great perspective of the Golden Horn, the Bosphorus and the Sea of Marmara.
The castle is encompassed by 5 km of dividers and possessed a zone of 700,000 sq. m at the tip of the chronicled promontory. It comprises of three yard, every filling an alternate need. In this manner it was the heart, the cerebrum, the exceptionally focus of the Ottoman Empire.Later, the group of concubines (private quarters) of the sultans was moved here as well. In 1924 it was transformed into a historical center at Ataturk’s ask.
Diffrerent craftsmanship, tiles, structural styles, gems (like known as a renowned spoonmaker’s precious stone) displayed in Topkapı Palace mirror the abundance of Turkish workmanship and blend of the diverse nations culture.
THE IMPERIAL GATE (BAB-I HUMAYUN)
It was worked by Fatih Sultan Mehmet who was prevalently known as a conquerer Istanbul and it is the first of the three entryways. The native can utilize this way to come effectively into the primary yard.
There is an engraving dated 1478 over this entryway , which has a place with Ali canister Yahya Sofi, the one of the main penmen in the Ottoman Empire. Sultan 2.Mahmut and Abdulaziz’s tughras exhibit that Bab-I Humayun is repaired by them.